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Acute promyelocytic leukemia: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) along with chemotherapy is superior to ATRA alone.

In American Journal of Hematology
By: Advani SH.
Contributor(s): Nair CN | Gopal R | Kadam PR | Gladstone B | Saikia T | Parekh PM | Bapna A | Nair R | .
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleSeries: Vol 60 Issues 2.Publisher: 1999Description: 87-93.Subject(s): hyperleukocytosis | disseminated intravascular coagulation | retinoic acid syndrome | differentiating agents | chemotherapy | myeloid leukemia | HeamatologyDDC classification: In: American Journal of HematologySummary: This study was conducted to compare the results of treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with all-trans retinoic acid alone (ATRA) or a combination therapy of ATRA followed by chemotherapy. Forty-three patients treated between February 1992 and February 1996 were included in this study. Eighteen patients were treated with ATRA alone and 25 patients were treated with ATRA followed by chemotherapy. The cytogenetic analysis was done in 41 patients at presentation, following treatment, and at follow-up. A complete response (CR) was achieved in 13 (72%) patients on ATRA and 19 (76%) on ATRA followed by chemotherapy. Eleven of 13 patients with response to ATRA alone relapsed with median survival of eight months (range, 1 to 28). One patient died of hepatitis in CR and one patient is alive 2 years after diagnosis. In the combination therapy arm, 10 patients are in CR with a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 6 to 56 months). After achieving a CR, four patients died due to infections during chemotherap
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This study was conducted to compare the results of treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with all-trans retinoic acid alone (ATRA) or a combination therapy of ATRA followed by chemotherapy. Forty-three patients treated between February 1992 and February 1996 were included in this study. Eighteen patients were treated with ATRA alone and 25 patients were treated with ATRA followed by chemotherapy. The cytogenetic analysis was done in 41 patients at presentation, following treatment, and at follow-up. A complete response (CR) was achieved in 13 (72%) patients on ATRA and 19 (76%) on ATRA followed by chemotherapy. Eleven of 13 patients with response to ATRA alone relapsed with median survival of eight months (range, 1 to 28). One patient died of hepatitis in CR and one patient is alive 2 years after diagnosis. In the combination therapy arm, 10 patients are in CR with a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 6 to 56 months). After achieving a CR, four patients died due to infections during chemotherap

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