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Can 99mTc-DTPA aerosol scanning predict radiation pneumonitis

In International journal of radiation oncolgy, biology, physics
By: Correa PD.
Contributor(s): Dinshaw KA | Sunder S | Rangarajan V | sharmavinay@vsnl.net | Sharma V.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleSeries: Vol 56 Issues 2.Publisher: 2003Description: 367-374.Subject(s): 99mTc-DTPA aerosol lung scan | Radiation therapy | Lung cancer | Radiation pneumonitis | DDC classification: In: International journal of radiation oncolgy, biology, physicsSummary: PURPOSE: To investigate whether changes in diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) aerosol clearance lung scans predict the development of radiation pneumonitis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty-three patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer were treated with palliative radiation therapy to thorax. All patients were subjected to pretreatment and post-treatment DTPA aerosol clearance lung scans. The clearance t1/2 values were compared using the paired t test. Changes in percentage aerosol deposition were also compared. The patients were serially assessed clinically and radiologically for development of radiation pneumonitis. RESULTS: For the whole group, the mean DTPA clearance t1/2 for the diseased lung fell from 36.33 to 28.85 min (p = 0.17). Twelve patients developed radiation pneumonitis, 8 Grade 1, 2 Grade 2, 1 Grade 3, and 1 Grade 4. In patients who developed radiation pneumonitis, the clearance t1/2 for the diseased lung decreased from 37.50 min to 29.00 min after treatment (p = 0.50).
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PURPOSE: To investigate whether changes in diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) aerosol clearance lung scans predict the development of radiation pneumonitis.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty-three patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer were treated with palliative radiation therapy to thorax. All patients were subjected to pretreatment and post-treatment DTPA aerosol clearance lung scans. The clearance t1/2 values were compared using the paired t test. Changes in percentage aerosol deposition were also compared. The patients were serially assessed clinically and radiologically for development of radiation pneumonitis.

RESULTS: For the whole group, the mean DTPA clearance t1/2 for the diseased lung fell from 36.33 to 28.85 min (p = 0.17). Twelve patients developed radiation pneumonitis, 8 Grade 1, 2 Grade 2, 1 Grade 3, and 1 Grade 4. In patients who developed radiation pneumonitis, the clearance t1/2 for the diseased lung decreased from 37.50 min to 29.00 min after treatment (p = 0.50).

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