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Clinicopathological spectrum of 19 adenosarcomas of female genital tract, including uncommon clinical associations and immunohistochemical profile, reviewed at a single institution

In Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
By: Rekhi B.
Contributor(s): Shrivastava SK | Engineer R | Gupta S | Ghosh J | Bajpai J | Kerkar R | Menon S | Maheshwari A | Deodhar KK | .
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleSeries: Vol 55 Issues 3.Publisher: 2012Description: 326-332.Subject(s): Uterine sarcomas | Mullerian adenosarcoma | Mesenchymal tumors of female genital tract | Adenosarcoma | DDC classification: In: Indian Journal of Pathology and MicrobiologySummary: Background: Adenosarcomas of the female genital tract have been rarely documented as case series from our continent. Materials and Methods: Over a seven-year period, 19 adenosarcomas were critically reviewed. Results: Nineteen tumors occurred in the age range of 21-65 years (mean: 43), in the endometrium (8), endometrium and cervix (4), cervix (4), and ovary (3). Four cases displayed coexisting leiomyomas; two, adenomyosis; two on background endometriosis; and one in post-treated cervix carcinoma. Histopathologically, the tumors were low grade (10; 52.6%) and high grade (9; 47.3%), the latter with sarcomatous overgrowth (SO) (7/9 cases). Dedifferentiation (8, 42.1%) and conspicuous decidualization (2) were noted. Immunohistochemically, the tumors focally expressed CD10 (4/6), smooth muscle actin (SMA) (3/8), desmin (8/11); diffuse vimentin (7/7), and estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor (ER/PR) (2/4). Ki-67 (6 cases) varied 5-20%. Seventeen patients underwent surgery and four received adjuvant treatment
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Background: Adenosarcomas of the female genital tract have been rarely documented as case series from our continent. Materials and Methods: Over a seven-year period, 19 adenosarcomas were critically reviewed. Results: Nineteen tumors occurred in the age range of 21-65 years (mean: 43), in the endometrium (8), endometrium and cervix (4), cervix (4), and ovary (3). Four cases displayed coexisting leiomyomas; two, adenomyosis; two on background endometriosis; and one in post-treated cervix carcinoma. Histopathologically, the tumors were low grade (10; 52.6%) and high grade (9; 47.3%), the latter with sarcomatous overgrowth (SO) (7/9 cases). Dedifferentiation (8, 42.1%) and conspicuous decidualization (2) were noted. Immunohistochemically, the tumors focally expressed CD10 (4/6), smooth muscle actin (SMA) (3/8), desmin (8/11); diffuse vimentin (7/7), and estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor (ER/PR) (2/4). Ki-67 (6 cases) varied 5-20%. Seventeen patients underwent surgery and four received adjuvant treatment

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