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Selective decontamination of the digestive tract reduces bacterial bloodstream infection and mortality in critically ill patients. Systematic review of randomized, controlled trials

In The Journal of Hospital Infection
Contributor(s): Gullod A | Gregoric D | Milanese M | van Saene HKF | lucianosilvestri@yahoo.it <lucianosilvestri@yahoo.it> | Silvestri L.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleSeries: Vol 65 Issues 3.Publisher: 2007Description: 187-203.Subject(s): Italy | Bloodstream infections | Selective decontamination | Infection | Antibiotic prophylaxis | Intensive care | DDC classification: In: The Journal of Hospital InfectionSummary: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) was undertaken to evaluate the impact of this procedure on bacterial bloodstream infection and mortality. Data sources were Medline, Embase, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, previous meta-analyses, and conference proceedings, without restriction of language or publication status. RCTs were retrieved that compared oropharyngeal and/or intestinal administration of antibiotics as part of the SDD protocol, with or without a parenteral component, with no treatment or placebo in the controls. The three outcome measures were patients with bloodstream infection, causative micro-organisms, and total mortality. Fifty-one RCTs conducted between 1987 and 2005, comprising 8065 critically ill patients were included in the review; 4079 patients received SDD and 3986 were controls. SDD significantly reduced overall bloodstream infections [odds ratio (OR), 0.73; 95% confidence interva
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A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) was undertaken to evaluate the impact of this procedure on bacterial bloodstream infection and mortality. Data sources were Medline, Embase, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, previous meta-analyses, and conference proceedings, without restriction of language or publication status. RCTs were retrieved that compared oropharyngeal and/or intestinal administration of antibiotics as part of the SDD protocol, with or without a parenteral component, with no treatment or placebo in the controls. The three outcome measures were patients with bloodstream infection, causative micro-organisms, and total mortality. Fifty-one RCTs conducted between 1987 and 2005, comprising 8065 critically ill patients were included in the review; 4079 patients received SDD and 3986 were controls. SDD significantly reduced overall bloodstream infections [odds ratio (OR), 0.73; 95% confidence interva

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