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A prospective randomized phase II study comparing metronomic chemotherapy with chemotherapy (single agent cisplatin), in patients with metastatic, relapsed or inoperable squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck

In Oral Oncology
By: Patil VM.
Contributor(s): Noronha V | Joshi A | Muddu VK | Dhumal S | Bhosale B | Arya S | Juvekar S | Banavali S | D'Cruz A | Bhattacharjee A | Prabhash K [Corresponding author].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: Amsterdam : Elsevier 2015Description: .Subject(s): Chemotherapy | Cisplatin | Head and neck cancer | Metronomic administration | Oral cancer | PalliativeOnline resources: PDF In: Oral Oncology Vol.51, no. 3, p.279-86Summary: BACKGROUND: Cetuximab based treatment is the recommended chemotherapy for head and neck squamous cell cancers in the palliative setting. However, due to financial constraints, intravenous (IV) chemotherapy without cetuximab is commonly used in lesser developed countries. We believe that oral metronomic chemotherapy may be safer and more effective in this setting. METHODS: We conducted an open label, superiority, parallel design, randomized phase II trial comparing oral MCT [daily celecoxib (200mg twice daily) and weekly methotrexate (15mg/m(2))] to intravenous single agent cisplatin (IP) (75mg/m(2)) given 3 weekly. Eligible patients had head and neck cancers requiring palliative chemotherapy with ECOG PS 0-2 and adequate organ functions who could not afford cetuximab. The primary end point was progression-free survival. RESULTS: 110 Patients were recruited between July 2011 to May 2013, 57 randomized to the MCT arm and 53 to the IP arm. Patients in the MCT arm had significantly longer PFS (median 101 days, 95% CI: 58.2-143.7 days) compared to the IP arm (median 66 days, 95% CI; 55.8-76.1 days) (p=0.014). The overall survival (OS) was also increased significantly in the MCT arm (median 249 days, 95% CI: 222.5-275.5 days) compared to the IP arm (median 152 days, 95% CI: 104.2-199.8 days) (p=0.02). There were fewer grade 3/4 adverse effects with MCT, which was not significant. (18.9% vs. 31.4%, P=0.14). CONCLUSION: Oral metronomic chemotherapy has significantly better PFS and OS than single agent platinum in the palliative setting.
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Articles Articles Tata Memorial Hospital
Available AR18340

Address for Correspondence: kumarprabhashtmh@gmail.com

BACKGROUND:
Cetuximab based treatment is the recommended chemotherapy for head and neck squamous cell cancers in the palliative setting. However, due to financial constraints, intravenous (IV) chemotherapy without cetuximab is commonly used in lesser developed countries. We believe that oral metronomic chemotherapy may be safer and more effective in this setting.
METHODS:
We conducted an open label, superiority, parallel design, randomized phase II trial comparing oral MCT [daily celecoxib (200mg twice daily) and weekly methotrexate (15mg/m(2))] to intravenous single agent cisplatin (IP) (75mg/m(2)) given 3 weekly. Eligible patients had head and neck cancers requiring palliative chemotherapy with ECOG PS 0-2 and adequate organ functions who could not afford cetuximab. The primary end point was progression-free survival.
RESULTS:
110 Patients were recruited between July 2011 to May 2013, 57 randomized to the MCT arm and 53 to the IP arm. Patients in the MCT arm had significantly longer PFS (median 101 days, 95% CI: 58.2-143.7 days) compared to the IP arm (median 66 days, 95% CI; 55.8-76.1 days) (p=0.014). The overall survival (OS) was also increased significantly in the MCT arm (median 249 days, 95% CI: 222.5-275.5 days) compared to the IP arm (median 152 days, 95% CI: 104.2-199.8 days) (p=0.02). There were fewer grade 3/4 adverse effects with MCT, which was not significant. (18.9% vs. 31.4%, P=0.14).
CONCLUSION:
Oral metronomic chemotherapy has significantly better PFS and OS than single agent platinum in the palliative setting.

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