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BRAFV600E mutation in hairy cell leukemia: A single-center experience

In Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
By: Bibi A.
Contributor(s): Java S | Chaudhary S | Joshi S | Mascerhenas R | Rabade N | Tembhare P | Subramanian PG | Gujral S | Menon H | Khattry N | Sengar M | Bagal B | Jain H | Patkar N [Corresponding author].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2018Description: .Subject(s): Amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction | Hairy cell leukemia | BRAFV600E In: Indian Journal of Pathology & MicrobiologySummary: Background: BRAFV600E mutation has been reported as a unique genetic lesion of hairy cell leukemia (HCL), a subset of which lacks this lesion and shows adverse outcomes. Aims: To determine the prevalence of BRAFV600E in HCL from our center and derive clinicopathological correlation, if any. Materials and Methods: A 9-year retrospective analysis of 46 consecutive cases of HCL diagnosed on morphology and immunophenotyping was done. Stained smears were used as samples for amplification refractory mutation system polymerase-chain reaction using fluorescent primers for mutation detection. Results: BRAFV600E mutation was detected in 41/46 patients (89.1%) while absent in control samples of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Cases mimicking HCL-variant clinically or immunophenotypically too showed the presence of this mutation. HCL with mutated BRAF presented at a younger age. No statistical difference in blood counts, tumor load, and immunophenotype patterns existed among BRAF mutated and unmutated group. Nine patients (45%) with mutated BRAF had residual disease following treatment with cladribine. Conclusion: BRAFV600E mutation analysis has a definitive role in the diagnosis of HCL.
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Background: BRAFV600E mutation has been reported as a unique genetic lesion of hairy cell leukemia (HCL), a subset of which lacks this lesion and shows adverse outcomes. Aims: To determine the prevalence of BRAFV600E in HCL from our center and derive clinicopathological correlation, if any. Materials and Methods: A 9-year retrospective analysis of 46 consecutive cases of HCL diagnosed on morphology and immunophenotyping was done. Stained smears were used as samples for amplification refractory mutation system polymerase-chain reaction using fluorescent primers for mutation detection. Results: BRAFV600E mutation was detected in 41/46 patients (89.1%) while absent in control samples of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Cases mimicking HCL-variant clinically or immunophenotypically too showed the presence of this mutation. HCL with mutated BRAF presented at a younger age. No statistical difference in blood counts, tumor load, and immunophenotype patterns existed among BRAF mutated and unmutated group. Nine patients (45%) with mutated BRAF had residual disease following treatment with cladribine. Conclusion: BRAFV600E mutation analysis has a definitive role in the diagnosis of HCL.

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