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Osteosarcoma journey over two decades in India: Small steps, big changes.

In Pediatric Blood and Cancer
By: Bajpai J [Corresponding Author].
Contributor(s): Chandrasekharan A | Simha V | Mandal T | Shah K | Hingmare S | Rangarajan B | Shetty N | Vora T | Ghosh J | Rekhi B | Banavali S | Gupta S.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2019Description: .Subject(s): OGS-12 protocol | Economic efficiency | Non-HDMTX | Osteosarcoma | Survival In: Pediatric Blood and CancerSummary: BACKGROUND: The management of osteosarcoma is challenging especially in lower-income and middle-income countries, and there is an unmet need to evolve efficient and sustainable chemotherapy regimens. METHODS: We compared the outcomes in nonmetastatic osteosarcoma patients treated with three sequential non-high-dose methotrexate-based combination chemotherapy protocols at a single tertiary care center over two decades. The first protocol, OGS-99, involved dose-intense, alternating dyads of three drugs: doxorubicin (Dox), cisplatin (CDDP), and ifosfamide (Ifo). The second protocol, OGS-99 enhanced, included OGS-99 drugs with etoposide and enhanced supportive care. The OGS-12 protocol involved dose-dense administration of eight sequential dyads of Dox, CDDP and Ifo, universal growth factor prophylaxis and targeted nutritional support. Event-free survival (EFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity were reported using a retrospective chart review in the OGS-99 and OGS-99 enhanced protocols and prospectively in the OGS-12 protocol. RESULTS: A total of 41, 94, and 385 treatment-naïve, consecutive, nonmetastatic patients with extremity osteosarcoma were treated with the OGS-99 (2000-2005), OGS-99 enhanced (2010), and OGS-12 (2011-2016), respectively. At a median follow-up of 19, 86, and 39 months, the five-year EFS rates were 38%, 50%, and 62% in the OGS-99, OGS-99 enhanced, and OGS-12, respectively. The corresponding rates of five-year OS were nonevaluable, 60% and 77%, respectively, with acceptable rates of grade 3-4 toxicities: febrile neutropenia (40%), thrombocytopenia (36%), anemia (51%), and 1% deaths related to toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential selection of an intelligent, dose-dense chemotherapy regimen together with enhanced supportive care resulted in marked improvement in outcomes of nonmetastatic osteosarcoma and this "small steps-big changes" model deserves wider recognition and usage.
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Articles Articles Tata Memorial Hospital
Available AR19494

Address for Correspondence: dr_jyotibajpai@yahoo.co.in

BACKGROUND:
The management of osteosarcoma is challenging especially in lower-income and middle-income countries, and there is an unmet need to evolve efficient and sustainable chemotherapy regimens.
METHODS:
We compared the outcomes in nonmetastatic osteosarcoma patients treated with three sequential non-high-dose methotrexate-based combination chemotherapy protocols at a single tertiary care center over two decades. The first protocol, OGS-99, involved dose-intense, alternating dyads of three drugs: doxorubicin (Dox), cisplatin (CDDP), and ifosfamide (Ifo). The second protocol, OGS-99 enhanced, included OGS-99 drugs with etoposide and enhanced supportive care. The OGS-12 protocol involved dose-dense administration of eight sequential dyads of Dox, CDDP and Ifo, universal growth factor prophylaxis and targeted nutritional support. Event-free survival (EFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity were reported using a retrospective chart review in the OGS-99 and OGS-99 enhanced protocols and prospectively in the OGS-12 protocol.
RESULTS:
A total of 41, 94, and 385 treatment-naïve, consecutive, nonmetastatic patients with extremity osteosarcoma were treated with the OGS-99 (2000-2005), OGS-99 enhanced (2010), and OGS-12 (2011-2016), respectively. At a median follow-up of 19, 86, and 39 months, the five-year EFS rates were 38%, 50%, and 62% in the OGS-99, OGS-99 enhanced, and OGS-12, respectively. The corresponding rates of five-year OS were nonevaluable, 60% and 77%, respectively, with acceptable rates of grade 3-4 toxicities: febrile neutropenia (40%), thrombocytopenia (36%), anemia (51%), and 1% deaths related to toxicity.
CONCLUSIONS:
Sequential selection of an intelligent, dose-dense chemotherapy regimen together with enhanced supportive care resulted in marked improvement in outcomes of nonmetastatic osteosarcoma and this "small steps-big changes" model deserves wider recognition and usage.

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