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Favorable outcomes and reduced toxicity with a novel vinblastine-based non-high dose methotrexate (HDMTX) regimen (modified MCP-842) in pediatric anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL): experience from India

In Leukemia & Lymphoma
By: Vijayasekharan K.
Contributor(s): Prasad M | Pradhan ND | Phillip D | Gujral S | Shet T | Sridhar E | Kembhavi S | Shah S | Banavali SD | Narula G [Corresponding Author].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2020Description: .Subject(s): Pediatric ALCL | Outcomes | Vinblastine In: Leukemia & LymphomaSummary: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in children. Most treatment regimens include high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX), which is logistically difficult to administer in resource-limited settings. We evaluated the outcomes of pediatric ALCL patients treated on a uniform protocol (Modified Multicentric Protocol, MCP-842 regimen) at our hospital between January 2005 and December 2016. Of the 68 patients who received treatment on the Modified MCP842 protocol, 46 patients are alive in remission, 11(16%) had disease progression, 9(13%) relapsed after achieving remission, and 5(7%) had treatment-related mortality (TRM). Seventeen of 20 relapsed/progressed patients subsequently expired. With a median follow-up of 55 months (range 2-165 months), the 4-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) are 63% (95% CI of 50-73%) and 70%(95% CI of 57-79%), respectively. An indigenous protocol using vinblastine (without HDMTX and steroids) is feasible in a resource-limited setting and achieves outcomes comparable to regimens incorporating HDMTX, with lower toxicity.
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Articles Articles Tata Memorial Hospital
Available AR19757

Address for Corresponding Author: drgauravnarula@gmail.com

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in children. Most treatment regimens include high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX), which is logistically difficult to administer in resource-limited settings. We evaluated the outcomes of pediatric ALCL patients treated on a uniform protocol (Modified Multicentric Protocol, MCP-842 regimen) at our hospital between January 2005 and December 2016. Of the 68 patients who received treatment on the Modified MCP842 protocol, 46 patients are alive in remission, 11(16%) had disease progression, 9(13%) relapsed after achieving remission, and 5(7%) had treatment-related mortality (TRM). Seventeen of 20 relapsed/progressed patients subsequently expired. With a median follow-up of 55 months (range 2-165 months), the 4-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) are 63% (95% CI of 50-73%) and 70%(95% CI of 57-79%), respectively. An indigenous protocol using vinblastine (without HDMTX and steroids) is feasible in a resource-limited setting and achieves outcomes comparable to regimens incorporating HDMTX, with lower toxicity.

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